Value of UK housing stock soars to record £6.8trn
Perhaps unsurprisingly, London and the South East saw the biggest growth in values. While these two regions boast just a quarter of all UK homes, over the last five years they have accounted for more than half of the total value of growth.
However, the study found that price gains were more evenly distributed across the country than at any point since the credit crunch. Properties in Bristol gained £6.6bn in value over the year, passing the £50bn mark, while Cambridge, York and Solihull have also seen big gains.
Nonetheless, there are still areas where weaknesses in the local economy are causing values to fall, such as Hartlepool (housing value down by £76m in the last five years) and Burnley (down by £122m in the same period).
According to Savills, landlords and those who own a property without a mortgage have been the biggest winners.
Private landlords account for £1.4trn of housing value, and have seen the value of their properties rocket by 64% over the last five years. Meanwhile, properties owned without a mortgage have jumped 42% in value, compared to 19% for those with a mortgage.
There may be trouble ahead
However, the sharp growth seen in recent years is likely to come to an end.
Lucian Cook, head of residential research at Savills, said that the big jumps in value over the last three years have been driven by low interest rates and strong consumer sentiment.
But this is unlikely to be repeated, according to Cook, who said: “Economic uncertainty in the short term and more rigorous stress testing of mortgage lending in the longer term, will hold back house price growth and limit the ability of future generations to accumulate housing wealth.”
A stark generational gap
The difference between the generations was also described as “stark” by Savills. The over-65s now hold £1.42trn of property equity, the equivalent of 43% of the equity held by owner occupiers.
In contrast, the under 35s hold £70bn – just 5% of that equity total.
Cook pointed out that housing equity has always been weighted towards older generations, who have paid down their mortgages. He added: “But since the credit crunch we’ve seen the generation gap widen significantly as younger buyers increasingly struggle to get onto the housing ladder and older home owners live longer and accrue higher levels of equity through house price growth.
“High house price to income ratios and mortgage regulation suggest this pattern will become even more entrenched in the next decade.”