Is Alibaba’s IPO set to break records?
In doing so, many anticipate that Alibaba may beat Facebook’s record – set in 2012 – as the biggest ever new listing on US markets. If it does that, then the next record in Alibaba’s sights – set by Visa in 2006 – would be for the biggest amount raised in an IPO.
So who is this new challenger? Perhaps the most surprising thing for many western investors is that a relatively unknown quantity may overtake such established brands. Not so for Chinese consumers and investors, however, where Alibaba and its executive chairman Jack Ma are both household names.
The company runs three main websites – Alibaba, Tmall and Taobao – all of which operate in the e-commerce sector. Respectively, they cater for business-to-business, business-to-consumer and consumer-to-consumer sales. Between those websites (plus a few others) Alibaba caters for 85 per cent of all online shopping in China.
Unsurprisingly, that has led to a stunning volume of sales through the business, which reached $248 billion in 2013. That figure outstrips that of Amazon and Ebay combined and presents almost 50 per cent growth from the previous year.
No wonder, then, that traders are excited about the prospect of Alibaba arriving on the stock market. But what chance does it have of achieving a record-breaking debut?
To beat Facebook’s listing in 2012, Alibaba will have to end its first day of trading worth more than $105 billion. The consensus of market analysts puts its minimum worth at $115 billion (and most agree that it is worth far more than that), so as long as things go broadly to plan, it should beat that target. Indeed, IG’s grey market on Alibaba – which offers traders a chance to speculate on the value of the IPO before it takes place – indicates that traders believe the company will hit a market cap of around $210-220 billion.
Whilst Facebook arrived with a high value, it only raised the fourth most cash generated by an IPO: $16 billion, or 15 per cent of the company value. Visa, on the other hand, arrived on the market worth far less than Facebook but sold 50 per cent of its shares to raise $19 billion.
For Alibaba to break that record, it would have to sell at least 10 per ent per cent of its shares (if it meets the grey market value of around $200 billion). Current analyst opinion puts the value of the IPO at around $20 billion, so on paper the competition for largest IPO is far tighter than largest listing.
If Alibaba hits around the $210-220 billion mark it will be joining the very top of the charts in terms of US listed companies. Just three companies on rival index the NASDAQ would be worth more; Apple, Google, and Microsoft are worth $574 billion, $386 billion and $358 billion respectively. Alibaba would have its work cut out to outstrip them.
On their chosen exchange, the New York Stock Exchange, there would be 13 companies above them. Climbing the list may be an easier task, though, as just Exxon Mobile at the top is worth in excess of $300 billion.
First of all, however, they need a successful IPO and IPOs tend to be tricky with lots of factors influencing their success. Reports are already claiming that Alibaba may cut its own pricing by 20 per cent and lower its potential market cap to around $150 billion. Alternatively, interest in the listing may have waned by the time it actually arrives, cutting demand and Alibaba’s worth.
But if Jack Ma can successfully steer his company round these potential pitfalls, Alibaba could set some tough records to beat.
Patrick Foot is a financial markets writer at IG, the CFD and financial spread betting provider.
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